Civil Engineering

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil engineering is the application of physical and scientific principles to the planning, creation, and maintenance of both naturally occurring and manmade environments. Among the physical structures included in this are power plants, railways, roadways, sewage systems, waterways, reservoirs, structures, bridges, terminals, and others.

The purpose of Civil Engineering was to distinguish between civilian and military engineering, making it the second-oldest engineering field. Because of this, civil engineering is a wide field with several sub-disciplines.

Various Civil Engineering Types :

The wide area of civil engineering is divided into several particular sub-disciplines that cover a variety of sectors and involve both more practical and theoretical duties.

Management & Construction

Building structures and overseeing all construction engineering-related operations are included in this form of civil engineering. Since civil engineers take on large contracts that may ultimately result in gains or losses, this industry has a higher risk for business than other industries. This topic also includes the management of transporting items from one location to another.


The analysis and design of physical constructions like bridges, overpasses, intricate stations for train tracks, offshore constructions like oil and gas fields in the sea, etc. are all connected to this branch of civil engineering.


Designing sustainable and functional transportation systems is a focus of the field of transportation engineering. Public or private transit systems are also possible. It consists of transportation facilities for roads, aviation, tunnels, overpasses, railroads, etc.


The investigation of the ground characteristics on which a building venture is to be built is one of the many different forms of civil engineering. This includes examining the quality of the rocks and the ground, as well as whether the structure can support the project securely.


In our daily lives, the value of roads, motorways, and tunnels is obvious. As a result, a specific discipline of civil engineering was established to focus on the construction of these buildings. Highway engineering focuses on applying fundamental methods including planning, designing, constructing, and operating to build roads, highways, and tunnels.


Environmental Civil engineering includes among other things, practices related to nature preservation and protection, such as green engineering, pollution abatement, solid waste management, handling hazardous waste, and the preservation of areas with high populations and natural resources found there.

Why Are Civil Engineers Necessary?

For private or public sector clients, civil engineers apply various engineering concepts (such as structural, environmental, construction, or geotechnical) to constructions of all sizes for homes, businesses, factories, or public uses. This involves calculating a project’s financial, environmental, or socioeconomic costs to make sure it is completed on schedule, under budget, and in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations.

Are you in need of trustworthy civil engineering services? Look nowhere else! Ankit Interior Designer and Civil Engineer is a Kolkata-based firm that provides you with all kinds of Civil Engineering services. Our group of knowledgeable experts is here to assist you with whatever project you are planning in your mind. We have the knowledge and experience to make sure your project is a success, from designing and planning through construction management and inspection. Do reach out to us for your dream project.

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